European Labour Authority

The European Labour Authority (ELA) was announced in September 2017 by President Juncker in his 2017 State of the European Union address to ensure that EU rules on labour mobility be enforced in a fair, simple and effective way.

Following consultations and an impact assessment, a legislative proposal was presented in March 2018. The Commission, the Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the proposal in February 2019. The Parliament and the Council formally adopted the Regulation establishing the European Labour Authority, which entered into force on 20 June 2019.

The Authority will reach its full operational capacity by 2024. Bratislava will host its seat.

This proposal is also part of the roll-out of the European Pillar of Social Rights.


Secure handling of personal data:

  • EESSI will introduce the use of a common secure infrastructure for cross-border data exchange between social security institutions.
  • It will enable message exchange between national institutions, but the system will not create a database to store such messages and personal data centrally. The content of the messages will only be available to the relevant institutions, and Member States will remain responsible to ensure a high standard of data protection, in line with EU rules. 
  • EESSI will follow the latest standards in IT security.

How does EESSI work?

All communication between national institutions on cross-border social security files will take place through EESSI: social security institutions will exchange structured electronic documents and follow commonly agreed procedures. These documents will be routed through EESSI to the correct destination in another Member State.
Staff in social security institutions will be able to find the correct destination in another EU country using a repository of national institutions.


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